Glossary

Asylum seeker

An Asylum Seeker is a person who has left their country of origin, has applied for recognition as a refugee in another country and is awaiting a decision on their asylum claim for protection on the basis of the Refugee Convention or Article 3 of the ECHR.

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Asylum support

Asylum seekers who are destitute may be able to receive accommodation and/or subsistence support from the Home Office. It was previously known as NASS support. Accepting accommodation will mean the asylum seeker must go to the dispersal area in which they are offered accommodation. If they have additional care needs, due to chronic illness or disability they may also be eligible to support from their local authority.

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Refugee

A Refugee is a person who, following their claim for asylum in the UK, has met the criteria laid out in Article 1 of the 1951 Refugee Convention.

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Who is a Refugee? 1951 - UN Convention

Someone who owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion, is outside the country of their nationality, and is unable to or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail him/herself of the protection of that country.

Source: United Nation High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

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